Coating of Carbon Fibers with Calcium Phosphate by Sol-Gel Method
Dr. Sewench N. Rafeeq , Dr. Wafaa A. Husaien , Russel Rushdi Ghanim

Sol-gel technique has been used to coat carbon fibers with calcium phosphate to improve the esthetic of black carbon fibers as it's biocompatible. To improve bonding between carbon fibers and prepared calcium phosphate powders, the surface of carbon fibers has been treated with para-aminobenzoic acid. The structural tests include: (SEM, XRD, AFM and FTIR). The morphology of the coating layers has been examined by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The crystallized phase composition of coatings has been identified by x-ray diffractometry (XRD). The grain size of dried and heat treated calcium phosphate coat has been estimated by atomic force microscope (AFM) and fourier transform ـ!ـ infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis which support and verify the x-ray diffraction findings.
Keywords: calcium phosphate; carbon fiber; coating of carbon fibers; sol-gel.