Quantum chemical assessment of benzimidazole derivatives as corrosion inhibitors
Hasan R Obayes , Ghadah H Alwan , Abdul Hameed MJ Alobaidy , Ahmed A Al-Amiery , Abdul Amir H Kadhum , Abu Bakar Mohamad

Background: The majority of well-known inhibitors are organic compounds containing multiple bonds and heteroatoms, such as O, N or S, which allow adsorption onto the metal surface. These compounds can adsorb onto the metal surface and block active surface sites, reducing the rate of corrosion. Results: A comparative theoretical study of three benzimidazole isomers, benzimidazole (BI), 2-methylbenzimidazole (2-CH3-BI), and 2-mercaptobenzimidazole (2-SH-BI), as corrosion inhibitors was performed using density functional theory (DFT) with the B3LYP functional basis set. Conclusions: Nitro and amino groups were selected for investigation as substituents of the three corrosion inhibitors. Nitration of the corrosion inhibitor molecules led to a decrease in inhibition efficiency, while reduction of the nitro group led to an increase in inhibition efficiency. These aminobenzimidazole isomers represent a significant improvement in the inhibition efficiency of corrosion inhibitor molecules.
Keywords: Benzimidazole, B3LYP, Corrosion, DFT, Inhib
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